Nigeria has a large and diverse animal feed business. The animal feed industry is concerned with the manufacture and distribution of animal feed to agricultural animals. Animal feed has a lot of different features.
You can work as an animal feed producer or as a seller or supplier of animal feed leftovers. All of this is part of the animal feed manufacturing process.
Alternatively, you might work as a wholesaler or merchant selling processed animal feed. Whatever aspect you choose to approach this business from, you will make money.
I’ll be concentrating on the manufacturing side of animal feed in this article. I believe I am the ideal person to provide you a standard blueprint for how the business works since I am a farmer with years of expertise in the farm animal feed producing sector.
A mill is required to make animal feed or to enter the production side of the animal feed company. That is where you will produce the majority of your feed.
Profitability of a Business
The following guides will show you how to start and operate a profitable business.
Your Target Audience
Farmers are the primary users of animal feed, but they are not the only ones. Feed distributors are often included in your target market or target audience. Companies who make animal feeds, as well as everyone up and down the supply chain, are part of your target market. As a result, you must target your advertising efforts in this way.
To manage a profitable feed company in Nigeria, you must be educated. Training in feed production and marketing as part of the package. In reality, you’ll need to be well-versed in animal husbandry and farming techniques in general.
This education and training can be obtained in a variety of ways. Agricultural schools in Nigeria, as well as Nigerian universities, provide courses in agriculture, agricultural engineering, animal extension, and animal husbandry, among other subjects.
You may also further your knowledge online by watching videos on YouTube, enrolling in online courses, reading blog articles and documentaries, listening to podcasts, and so on. Also, listen to Agro-related radio shows and watch episodes on television.
Gather information from newspapers, periodicals, and newsletters, among other sources. This is without a doubt the case. You will outperform someone who performs none of these things or a combination of them.
But I have good news for you, if you are interested to start right now, then you are lucky because a platform that has experts and tracks records of the business are having a one-day Bootcamp that will introduce you to the business without going to any special school or spending that much. Click the link to know more.
Registration and Licensing of Businesses
The significance of registering a business cannot be overstated. Do you wish to be legally recognized as a business? You must be registered with the Nigerian Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC).
This will provide you the legal authority to begin your business. In addition, you will get your company name registered.
It’s critical that you find out who is in control of the animal feed industry in your town or city. To do so, go to your town’s or city’s Ministry of Agriculture and inquire about processes and licenses.
Getting Started With Your Feasibility Study Or Research
After getting the necessary quality and practical instruction in feed company operations, this is the first thing to perform. Concentrate your Feasibility Study for this business on the area surrounding and inside your planned business location.
Your market research and feasibility analysis will help you decide whether or not to proceed with your planned company location. It will also show you the possibility of profit or loss after a certain period of time.
In addition, you’ll glean crucial information about pricing and supplies. You’ll also learn about your market’s acceptance and availability, as well as your rivals and degree of competitiveness.
Selecting a Business Site
A nice and peaceful site is required for an animal feed company. Your raw material suppliers and the market should be as near together as feasible.
You’ll require government permission on the best location for your company. So, go back to your town’s or city’s Ministry of Agriculture and make findings to such effect. You will be informed in this regard.
Keep in mind, however, that your structure must be large enough to accommodate your raw materials, machinery, and equipment, as well as processed animal meals.
Equipment, machines, and production procedures that are required
- Feed Hammer Mill: This is where entire grains and other feed components are crushed together.
- Batching Machine/Hopper Scale: Used to scale and weigh various feed components in accordance with the feed formulation.
- Control Panels
- Feed Mixing Machine: To ensure that each batch of feed components is uniformly mixed.
- Feed Pellet Machine: Here, the mixed feed components are fed into the pellet mill feeder, which regulates the pace at which the ingredients are delivered to the feed pelleting equipment.
They’re then dried and mixed together in the conditioner to make a wet mash. These are then fed into the pelleting chamber through a forced feeder system, where the hot moist mash is crushed and formed into pellet size using a pellet mill die.
- Pellet Cooling System
- Machine For Packing And Sealing
- Trucks: Used to transport raw materials
- Bags: These are used to package the final goods.
Maintenance of Feed Mill Equipment
You must follow correct feed mill equipment maintenance methods to enhance feed quality and plan operating efficiency. This will aid in reducing or eliminating the risk of feed contamination.
There are four strategies to keep your feed mill equipment in good working order:
1. Performing routine maintenance
2. In case of an emergency,
3. On-demand maintenance, as well as
4. Preventive maintenance is the fourth step.
Maintenance that is performed on a regular basis is referred to as routine maintenance. It is made up of procedures such :
- Bearing lubrication,
- Feed mill equipment replacement of old or worn-out spare components. For example, if the hammermill screens get worn, you may replace them rather than risk the pellet mill die.
- Inspecting gearbox oil levels
1. Emergency maintenance is a near-instantaneous response to a machine or equipment malfunction. It’s a type of preventative maintenance that doesn’t happen on a regular basis.
2. When your maintenance staff is unavailable, call-in maintenance is performed. As a result, in an emergency, you simply enlist the assistance of other parties to assist you with the maintenance job.
3. Preventive maintenance is inspecting, adjusting, replacing, and repairing worn elements of a machine or equipment on a regular basis to avoid failure.
This is done based on the machines’ observed circumstances or known usable life lengths. It is to guarantee that they stay in good functioning order.
Your company’s brand is a crucial selling element. This should be reflected in your packaging, packing bags, receipts, invoices, and branding, among other things.
It will provide you with a competitive advantage in the marketplace. That is why, despite the availability of alternative feed brands in Nigeria, Vital Feed has managed to stay afloat. Keep a close eye on your branding and marketing.
Make sure you have a big number of your items on the market to increase brand visibility. The more prominent it is in the view of customers, the more likely it is to be patronized.
Sales & Marketing
Develop a distinctive selling point to market and promote your company. Maintain reasonable pricing and make use of social media and traditional media advertising channels and tactics.
Caution!! Avoiding Mistakes in Feed Formulation and Mixing
Consider the carrying capacity of the firm and the prospective market before starting an animal feed business. This includes, but is not limited to, your understanding of the proper feed supplements and combinations for various farm animals.
It’s important to remember that the incorrect feed combination or composition has negative compounding effects for farm animals and farmers. This will have a negative impact on your business.
It might, for example, result in serious illness and malnutrition. It might also cause farm animals’ growth and development to be slowed, as well as a significant reduction in egg output. It may result in the death of agricultural animals in extreme situations.
That is why I urge animal feed investors to thoroughly research, plan, and receive quality training in animal feed production and management.
This can be done in a traditional educational environment or through a one-year apprenticeship with a seasoned animal feed company or farmer.
Additionally, attempt to learn about the basic farm animal feed industry workflow and operations to determine your company’s carrying capacity. This will tremendously assist you in achieving commercial success.
Summary, Profitability, and Longevity Suggestions
I propose that you locate your feed mill near raw material suppliers and farms if you want to be successful in your company. This will help you save money on logistics and transportation. It also helps you sell your items more quickly.
To make the business operate, do all that is excellent and essential. Make it a priority to devote quality time and study to it. The animal feed industry has an almost non-existent declining demand, but numerous diminishing returns on investment.
To help you stay connected with me and my blog, here is the link to my Android Mobile App from Google Play Store, Please Download and install.
Please subscribe to my YouTube Channel here. And follow me on Instagram and like my Facebook page. In case you will need to speak with me via Whatsapp related to ICT consultation. Please share around and drop your comment suggestion below.